Monthly Review - Thursday, September 1, 2011 0:01 - 0 Comments
Digest of Armenian Media for August 15-31
by News Digest
According to this news article, Azerbaijani political analyst Tofig Abasov said that the Nagorno Karabakh conflict settlement process may be frozen at the current phase. According to him such freezing does not imply a frustration at the current peace talks. “I don’t think a major step towards signing a comprehensive peace agreement can be taken in the near future. Very probably, we will have to wait for a new phase in the negotiation process, something that I think will be possible after the presidential campaigns in Armenia and Russia,” he said, adding that the updated version of the Madrid Principles will mark the new phase.
According to this news article, Abkhazian presidential candidate Raul Khajimba said in an interview with a local paper that the Abkhazians should take several examples from Karabakh. “In many sectors Nagorno-Karabakh and its population serve as a brilliant example for us. I happened to be in Karabakh a few years ago. I was pleasantly surprised by what I saw there. Abkhazia can in various spheres follow the experience of the Karabakhi people,” said Khajimba. He also said that the most important thing about Karabakh is that it has successfully completed the army-building process.
According to this article, Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev said in a speech on the occasion of the Ramadan that the country’s main priority is the settlement of the Karabakh conflict. He also said that Armenia’s leadership should eventually realize that Azerbaijan is far ahead of Armenia in several sectors. “I all sectors Azerbaijan has an indisputable advantage over Armenia. I am sure that in that case it will be impossible to keep the Karabakh conflict frozen. Those engaged in this issue, the mediators, have also said that the preservation of the status quo is unacceptable,” said Aliyev.
According to this news item, Roland Kobia, CoE Resident Representative in Azerbaijan said that unfortunately, Azerbaijan and Armenia failed to reach an agreement on Nagorno-Karabakh at the Armenian-Azerbaijani-Russian presidential meeting in Kazan. This, however, does not mean the negotiations have failed as the recent Russian-Azerbaijani presidential meeting in Sochi produced results, he added. Further, he said that the CoE does not consider the negotiations failed and wants the peace process to continue, Kobia said.
Political analysts said in an interview with the Azerbaijan news website Day.az that the peaceful resolution of the Karabakh conflict is still in place. According to him, the probability of a fresh war in Karabakh has increased in the last six months, but it has not become predominant over other scenarios. “Eventually, neither Moscow nor Washington, nor Paris would like the conflict to step into a “warm” stage. Russia will fight to the end to prevent the war,” said Vlasov. Further, he said that should a new war be unleashed, it will be short, like the one between Russian and Georgian in 2008, and the winner will propose to the international community to affirm its victory.
An article published in the Italian Eurasia magazine and titled “Crisis of Nagorno-Karabakh: Historical Restoration and Perspectives” said that the Soviet Unions taking into account the demographic situation, decided to include Karabakh in Armenia but then, counting for strategic union with Turkey, they left Nagorno-Karabakh to Azerbaijan. The author says that being a part of Azerbaijani Soviet Republic, Armenians of Karabakh were pressurized. Further, the article recalls the ethnic “cleansings of 1988 jointly conducted by Moscow and Baku”, as well as “Operation Ring” “which left two regions of Karabakh without Armenians”.
Senior Dashnaktsutyun official Giro Manoyan said that the public in Armenia and Karabakh “is not ready to cede liberated territories of Nagorno-Karabakh”. “Though attempts are made to prepare the Armenian people, starting from weather forecast, in which the liberated territories are not pointed out, to official statements, yet it is unacceptable to the Armenian society. The public does not express its protest, as it does not believe in the swift resolution of the Karabakh conflict,” Manoyan said. Referring to the question on whether diplomatic vacuum in the Karabakh peace process may lead to resumption of hostilities, Manoyan said Azerbaijan will resume military operations only when it is confident of its victory.
There are no prerequisites for positive resolution of Karabakh conflict by the end of this year, which is the consequence of unconstructive position of Azerbaijan, said head of central Hay Dat (Armenian Cause) office, member of ARF Dashnaktsutyun Giro Manoyan. According to him, in the context of forthcoming presidential elections in Russia the process of Karabakh conflict settlement will be somewhat frozen and will resume after the elections. Manoyan further argued that the meeting in Astana was not successful and the fact that Presidents Medvedev and Sargsyan did not have a separate meeting is suggestive that Medvedev-Aliyev meeting was not successful either.
Gagik Minasyan, an MP of the ruling Republican Party of Armenia has said that the recognition of Nagorno-Karabakh is getting closer and that the international community should be more actively involved in the recognition process. According to him, for several years now the “Aliyev clan has been telling the Azerbaijani society that it will in no way recognize Nagorno-Karabakh”. “For one thing, this is a real obstacle, for the other thing it is not a bad weapon for [Ilham] Aliyev at the table of negotiations,” said Minasyan. However, according to him, this trick will no longer help Azerbaijan as the leaders of the US, Russia and France instructed Armenian and Azerbaijani presidents in their statement made in Deauville to prepare their societies for peace and compromises rather than for war.
According to this article, The New York Times, on the occasion of the 3rd anniversary of independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, published an article on the menace the “phantom states” are posing to the world. The phantom states are “places that field military forces, hold elections, build local economies and educate children, yet inhabit the foggy netherworld between de facto existence and international legitimacy.” The article says that 12 unrecognized states with a total population of about 40 million are existing in the world now. In the post-Soviet area they are Nagorno-Karabakh and Transnistria. “Indeed, most phantoms survive in part because of external support. Moscow is the power broker in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, while Armenia holds sway over Nagorno-Karabakh,” the newspaper wrote.
US Ambassador to Azerbaijan Mathew Bryza said that the peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is a priority for US President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. “The peaceful settlement of the Nagorno Karabakh conflict is a priority for President Obama and Secretary Clinton. Therefore it is a priority for me, as the US ambassador to Azerbaijan,” said he, adding that as ambassador, he will do his best to support the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group and the conflict parties to prevent hostilities from flaring up and to achieve a fair, peaceful and long-term solution to the conflict through negotiations.
The article says that Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev has said he will not attend the upcoming summit of the heads of the CIS states, prompting analysts to see his decision as a display of opposition to Russia related to the recent developments over the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Further, the article says that even the most optimists speak of the future of the Karabakh conflict very cautiously, given the recent developments in the world. Particularly, it says that it is highly likely that Turkey interfere in Syria’s unrest, Iran might also be included in the conflict which might lead to changes in geographical borders. Against the backdrop of all this, any change can disrupts previous calculations and therefore the Karabakh issue has been set aside.
In an article in Huffington Post Jeff Burbank wrote that Azerbaijan is set to host next year’s Eurovision Song Contest, asking will the expressed willingness of Azerbaijan to let its arch-enemy Armenia take part in the 2012 competition produce a breakthrough. The author says that the answer to the first question is probably not, given the still-heated climate of Azerbaijan-Armenia relations after the failure of recent internationally-led talks. However, he says whomever Armenia chooses to represent it for Eurovision in Baku, would at least represent a partial thaw, a new step forward, a reason for the two countries that hate one another to stop and listen to each other.
This article says that after Karabakh schoolgirl Adeline Avakimyan received an answer from Baku to the letter she addressed to the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, journalists of independent newspaper Nor Edge decided to find out how much the answer satisfied her.
“You cannot call that an answer because an employee of Azerbaijani presidential administration named Aslanov did not give an outright answer to any of my questions, although his letter was twenty times longer than mine,” said Adeline. She also said that she will not accept Azerbaijani authorities’ invitation to visit the country due to threats from Azerbaijan.
Madrid Principles on Karabakh conflict resolution are an anti-Armenian document. The adoption of this document by Armenia will inevitably lead to a new war, member of Hunchakian party Vahan Shirkhanyan said. He stressed that the positions of the Armenia’s ruling coalition and oppositional Armenian National Congress are identical. “Both the authorities and the ANC expressed their agreement with Madrid Principles. The ANC has introduced some changes, but they are insignificant,” said he adding that nobody is ready to choose another way and reject this vicious document
According to this news article, Russian-langue Nezavisimaya Gazeta published an article in which it said that Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev refused to attend the CIS summit in Dushanbe because of the recent developments over the Karabakh conflict. According to the paper, Azerbaijani is not satisfied with the position of the mediators, particularly because they do not exert pressure on Armenia. Further, it said that expert assess Aliyev’s decision as a signal sent to Moscow. It also said that Russia ceases to be a mediator for the conflicting parties.
According to this article Turkish President Abdullah Gul will upon his Russian counterpart Dmitry Medvedev visit Russia in September and will during his stay there discuss the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in September. In Russia Gul will attend a forum titled Global Political Forum.
According to this article Armenian military expert David Jamalyan said that “Baku is trying to extract maximum political advantage from a letter of Karabakh schoolgirl Adeline Avakimyan to the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev. According to him, Adeline expressed “what each Armenian thinks about the war.” The answer of the Azerbaijani side has been “politicized, aimed to achieve propagandistic goals and make the most of the situation to Baku’s benefit”.
This article says that the Central Committee of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation in West America refused to attend a dinner to be served in Los Angeles on the occasion of Armenia’s 20th anniversary and in honor of Armenia’s president. The Committee said that Serzh Sargsyan’s presence will cast shadow on the idea of independence as he has lost his credits.
Further, the Committee said it could not glorify a president who is giving way in the peace talks over the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and has on several occasions expressed his willingness to return the territories certified by the Constitution of the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh.
According to this article, Armenian military expert David Jamalyan said that Azerbaijani authorities are spending a lot of efforts to create the image of pro-Azerbaijani Armenian in Karabakh who will tolerate and deem it as normal the return of Karabakh under Azerbaijani rule. For this purpose, according to him, Azerbaijan is searching such people both in Karabakh and in Diaspora, because Diasporan Armenians are more vulnerable and easily exposed to propaganda. Further, he said that though this “propaganda may seem useless at the moment,” it may have unforeseeable consequences in the future.
According to this article, Armenia’s President Serzh Sargsyan said that Nagorno-Karabakh must never again be under Azerbaijani rule, adding that generally the Karabakh conflict is solved.
“We have only one way out: Karabakh must never come under Azerbaijani rule. And we will achieve it. Generally the issue has been solved. Who went to Nagorno-Karabakh and doubted and they are not an independent state? The people of Nagorno-Karabakh have self-determined far long ago and are mastering their own fate,” Sargsyan said. Further, he said that sooner or later the issue will be solved. “The sooner, the better both for Azerbaijan, for Armenia and for Karabakh,” stressed Sargsyan.
According to this article, Russian political analyst Alexander Rahr said he OSCE Minsk Group is not the format to resolve the problem. “The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict cannot be resolved now – except if status quo is maintained. Armenia and Azerbaijan are holding diametrically opposite positions, and a compromise is very difficult to reach,” said he. Rahr also said that Russian President Dmitry Medvedev attempted to act as mediator but failed to do so. “Russia has taken a pause. I cannot say if President Dmitry Medvedev will be able to undertake one more initiative at the end of his presidency.
This article says that Baku grew resentful by a statement by Iran’s ambassador to Russia Seyed Reza Sajadi who said that Iran should maintain good relations both with Armenia and Azerbaijan as both countries have big diasporas in Iran. “Armenia and Azerbaijan are our neighbors, and we are trying not to interfere in their relations,” said he, adding that Iran does not link the Karabakh conflict to its relations with Armenia and Azerbaijan. Sajadi also said that Iran is always ready to mediate in the settlement of the Karabakh conflict, if the parties decide so.
According to this article, French MP Gui Tessier, said during a meeting at the National Assembly of Nagorno-Karabakh, that the people of Nagorno-Karabakh have the right to be internationally recognized and leave in the territory it is leaving now. “By visiting Armenia we are showing out friendship towards this country, while by visiting Karabakh we express our reconciliation towards this country,” said he.
This article says that on August 21, Armenian soldier serving in the de facto Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh received gunshot wounds as a result of a violation of the ceasefire regime from shots fired from the fighting positions of Azerbaijan’s army. The article made a reference to a statement issued by the Armenia’s Ministry of Defense press service. The ministry also said that the injuries were not serious, and after undergoing surgery, the Never Sargsyan’s health is considered to be in stable condition. An investigation is underway.
Russian political expert Alexander Rahr said that Turkey continues to remain Azerbaijan’s ally on the one hand, and is developing its Black See region politics and will not base its national interest only over the Karabakh conflict. “Turkey will be led by its own interest,” said he. He also said that the conflict in the South Caucasus region are rather sensitive, unlike those in the Europe that have been possible to resolve through negotiations after the World War II. “It is very difficult to be engaged in a diplomacy where only one winner and one looser are possible to be. Foreign powers can do very little here,” said he.
This article says that Nezir Akeshilmen, a professor in Turkey’s Selcuk University, said that Turkey and Azerbaijan can help Armenia financially to solve regional political issues. According to him, the help would be offered to Armenia when it would quit territorial claims to Azerbaijan and Turkey. “Small economic elements could be invested in Armenia after which it would be easier to start to negotiate,” said he. “As a result the majority of Armenia’s population might become socially and economically free from racial and nationalistic groups. The region needs dialogue and peace, rather than conflict,” said Akeshilmen.
This news article says that Baku lodged a formal complaint with the French Foreign Ministry over a visit to Nagorno-Karabakh by four French MPs. Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry Spokesman Elman Abdullayev told RFE/RL that the Azerbaijani authorities were not informed in advance about the visit, which he said showed disrespect for Azerbaijan’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. He also said a second letter of protest had been sent to the French National Assembly, and the four deputies had been declared persona non grata in Azerbaijan.
According to this news article, a spokesperson for Iran’s embassy in Moscow denied reports that the Iranian ambassador to Russia used the expression “government of Karabakh” in an interview with the Armenian news agency Noyan Tapan. “The ambassador gave the interview in Farsi, and our ambassador has not used the expression ‘government of Karabakh’,” the spokesperson told the Azerbaijani news website 1news.az.
This article says that Russian political expert Andrei Areshev said that the Nagorno-Karabakh peace process is likely to enter a stagnation stage because the countries involved in the conflict and in the mediating states are now in a pre-election period. “The election campaign is not the best time for foreign policy processes,” said Areshev. After a relatively unsuccessful meeting between the presidents of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia in Kazan, one should not hope for positive development in the foreseeable future, he added. “If a peace treaty is drafted today, it would most likely contain items and provisions that are unacceptable to one or both sides. The parties have yet to solve several problems before moving to the drafting of a peace treaty,” he said.
According to this article, the press service of the Central Election Commission of the unrecognized Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh said that a representative of NKR’s CEC will conduct observation mission in the August 26 presidential election in Abkhazia. According to the same source, the person to conduct the observation mission is Semion Afiyan, a member of the CEC.
Khosrov Harutyunyan, the leader of the Christian-Democratic Party, said that today the settlement of the Karabakh conflict has received a new quality in the assessments of the international community. According to him, today the world does not imagine the resolution of the Karabakh issue without taking into account the principle of nations’ right to self-determination. In his words, Azerbaijan continues its military rhetoric, but Armenia and Karabakh are no more the addressees of that belligerence and it is addressed to the international community.
War is inevitable [ARM]
According to this article political expert Alexander Kananyan who lives in Karvachar (Kelbajar) said that the Basic Principles of the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict were doomed to failure from the very beginning as they were far from the existing political and military realities in the region. He also said that international mediators interested in the resumption of the war in Karabakh at a point may promise Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev some guarantees and drive him to war. Further, he said that though Aliyev does realize that he may be “overthrown,” it does not necessarily mean there will be no war. “Based on historical-political rules it [the war] is even unavoidable,” said he.
According to this article, representative of French Foreign Ministry touched upon French MPs’ visit to Nagorno-Karabakh during a briefing inParis. “Parliamentarians have been duly advised of our position with respect to Nagorno-Karabakh. Consequently, this visit does not in any way reflect or change France’s policy with respect to this conflict,” the official said, stressing that France, like all countries in the international community, including Armenia itself, does not recognize Karabakh. “This territory’s international legal status can only be determined within the framework of a peaceful and equitable solution agreed upon by all parties concerned,” he added.
The article says that Armenia’s representation at UN issued an official letter on August 17 in response to a document circulated by Azerbaijani mission and addressed to Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. The letter draws attention to unprecedented number of violations of ceasefire regime in the line of contact between the armed forced of Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh. The article further says that this “proves Azerbaijan’s violation of previous arrangements accepted during the trilateral meeting of Armenian, Russian and Azerbaijani leaders regarding additional efforts to maintain ceasefire and confidence-building measures”. It also said that the letter indicates that “Azerbaijanis permanently circulating letters with false information in the UN, trying to distort reasons of conflict and carry out anti-Armenian propaganda”.
Political analyst Suren Zolyan said, according to this article, that unlike other countries in the South Caucasus region, Nagorno-Karabakh has always resolved its problems independently.
“Azerbaijan used to rely on the [foreign] powers benefiting from its natural gas and oil but Karabakh’s economic and military development dashed its expectations,” he told a news conference. According to him, “unlike Georgia and Azerbaijan where political crises are overcome with the world community’s mediation, Karabakh resolves its problems independently,” he said, adding that a population increase in Karabakh could be of a factor in the conflict settlement process.
According to this news item, Suren Zolyan, the Rector of Yerevan State Linguistic University, said thatArmenia should be the first country to recognize the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh.
“Nagorno-Karabakh’s recognition must always be an issue on the agenda, includingArmenia’s agenda. If Azerbaijan does not withdraw its demands – ‘withdrawal of Armenian troops from the occupied territories’ as they qualify it -Armenia must recognize Nagorno-Karabakh’s independence. It isArmeniathat must launch this process,” Zolyan said. According to him, mediators are showing somewhat differentiated approaches to the Nagorno-Karabakh peace process now.
This article says that Azerbaijani MP Eldar Ibrahimov said at the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly that a fresh war between Armenia and Azerbaijanover Nagorno-Karabakh is in all probability inevitable. “My personal view is that the war between Armenia and Azerbaijanis in all probability unavoidable. If we want to bring back our occupied territories, then the war for them seems to me unavoidable,” said he, adding that Armenia will not return those territories peacefully.
According to this news article, political analyst Suren Zolyan saidAzerbaijan’s calculations over the Karabakh conflict are based on the economic downfall in Armenia. According to him, the talks over the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict are not blocked, though there are no grounds for their effective continuation. “It is a fact that there is now a situation when the Madrid Principles are not at the interest of the parties: if Armenia does not speak about it out loud, thenAzerbaijan’s position and actions are suggestive of that,” said he.
Armenian political analyst Suren Zolyan said that the Karabakh conflict remains unresolved because the parties involved are not interested in its settlement. Even the countries involved in mediation efforts are not interested in the resolution of the conflict, he added. Further, he said that Nagorno-Karabakh can be strong only when Armenia is strong. According to him, one major challenge Karabakh is facing, is its demographic issue, which can play a significant role in the settlement of the conflict.
This article says that Azerbaijan’s Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov held a meeting with several permanent envoys in UN and said during his speech that the preservation of the current status quo in Nagorno-Karabakh is unacceptable. He also said that the conflict can be resolved only within the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan.
According to this news item, Joshua Kucera, an expert on security issues in the Caucasus, Central Asia and Middle East wrote in an article published in Eurasianet that if Russia takes part in a fresh war in Nagorno-Karabakh, then the weapons Azerbaijani bought from Russia will be used against Russia. The author also focuses on the sale of S-300 Russian missiles to Azerbaijan saying that the main intrigue of that deal, which Russia denied after leaked reports, is that it Armenia that is Russia’s true partner, rather than Azerbaijan.
Ukraine will back the settlement of the Karabakh conflict within the principles proposed by the Minsk Group of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Ukraine’s Ambassador to Armenia Ivan Kukhta said, adding Ukraine’s position towards the Karabakh conflict is clear. “It has been expressed by the president and the foreign minister. We keep track of the developments in Nagorno-Karabakh as in 2013 Ukraine will of take up the presidency of OSCE,” Kukhta. In his opinion, Ukraine will during his presidency in 2013 adopt a balanced approach towards the Karabakh issue.
According to this article, political analysts Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan and Narek Galstyan said at a news conference that there is no information warfare between Armenia and Azerbaijan at present. The expert also noted that Armenia restricts itself to denying the Azerbaijani circles’ disinformation, despite having the ability to launch propaganda in an attempt to influence the Azerbaijani public opinion.
This article says that Azerbaijani embassy in Germany submitted a note of protest to the German Foreign Ministry, asking to prevent a concert dedicated to the 20th anniversary Nagorno-Karabakh’s independence. Apart from that, the Azerbaijani consulate in Stuttgart sent a letter of protest to the city mayor’s office, stressing the “inadmissibility of such events”. Further, it says that the officials of the consulate met with representatives of Stuttgart city mayor’s office with the same request.
Political analyst Hrant Melik-Shahnazaryan, according to this article, said that the reports that Azerbaijan has won Armenia in its information war are untrue. According to him, in classical terms there is no such war at all and that it is simply Azerbaijan that has created a virtual space and is fighting there and showing its society as if it is engaged in a war of information. He also said that currently Armenia possesses such resources that it can affect about 300,000 citizens of Azerbaijan when it comes to the war of information. Those resources, however, are not being used now: they will be used once there is a real Armenian-Azerbaijan war of information, he added.
According to this article, Mathew Bryza, the US Ambassador to Azerbaijan, said that the settlement of the Karabakh conflict is a priority for the United States. In an interview to the Azerbaijani newspaper Zerkalo, the American diplomat said the normalization of ties between Armenia and Azerbaijan is a key issue on his country’s foreign policy agenda. He added that President Barrack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton also share similar views on the issue.
This article says that an Azerbaijani nurse in the Russian resort town of Sochi was taken to the police station on suspicion of attempting to kill an 8-year-old Armenian child from Karabakh had been hospitalized with acute intestinal infection. The nurse looking after the child reportedly tried to talk his mother into going to bed. She then cut his leg veins. The mother later woke up to find the child covered in blood. The doctor’s narrowly managed to save his life. It also says that the nurse had decided to inflict harm on the child after she had found out he was from Karabakh.
According to this news item, Ali Hasanov, the head of the department of political affairs at the presidential administration in Azerbaijan, said at a conference in Georgia that the Nagorno-Karabakh and the Ossetian conflicts have been incited by outsiders and that Azerbaijan and Georgia are bearing their consequences. He also said that Azerbaijan’s oil reserves will last from 30 to 50 years and that both Georgia and Armenia will have a chance to use it for the welfare of their people. But for that to happen, according to him, Armenia and Georgia should support the independent state of Azerbaijan.
This article says that according to a US cable newly released by the WikiLeaks website, the de facto authorities in Nagorno-Karabakh criticized the US for not being unbiased in a report about Nagorno-Karabakh. They also asked the US Department of State to be more careful in their use of terminology in such reports in the future as an unbiased report will contribute to building an atmosphere of trust with Azerbaijan in their long-lasting dispute.
Armenia’s Defense Minister Seyran Ohanyan said that the international community should exert serious pressure on Azerbaijan for its ceasefire violations along the Line of Contact. “Armenia’s Armed Forces have no goal and aim to violate the ceasefire on the first line. We keep track of random firings and we try to respond only in case of precise firings,” he said.
According to this news article, Armenia’s President Serzh Sargsyan said that in case Azerbaijan resorts to a new military action, Armenia will without fail force it into peace. He also said that Baku is not ready for peace because peace is impossible to establish when war is being advocated. “Societies cannot be reconciled when hatred for Armenians is being stirred up nor can confidence be built when arms race is being provoked,” he. “Be sure that Armenia will without fail force the enemy into peace in case it resorts to a new military provocation,” Sargsyan added.
This article says that the Russian online newspaper Nezavisimaya Gazeta has referred to a statement made by Ali Hasanov, Head of the Department of Public-Political Issues, who said that Armenia and Georgia can use Azerbaijan’s oil reserves in return of supporting Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity. The newspaper says that the formula proposed by Hasanov may sound naïve. “The formula for normalizing relations with Yerevan announced by the Azeri presidential administration official is far from being a new one. Given the present situation, it can even sound naïve. Tightly blockaded and plunged into darkness Armenia rejected Azerbaijan’s mineral resources as far back as 1990s. It would not be serious now to think that, with its social and economic hardships in the past, Armenia would, all of a sudden, accept the proposal,” the newspaper wrote.
According to this article, Armenia’s President Serzh Sargsyan said that Armenia and the international community have consistent approaches over the conflict of Nagorno-Karabakh. “When we say that Armenia and the international community have consistent approaches, this isn’t a propaganda tool. Due to our position and credible behavior, justified concerns and commitment to assume necessary duties, we see that the international community supports our position as contributing to peace and being realistic,” Sargsyan said.
According to this news item, Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan said that international recognition of independence of Nagorno-Karabakh is inevitable. Sargsyan said that this year “we witnessed how Southern Sudan gained its independence after decades of struggling, adding one more precedent to implementation of the right of self determination”. “In case of Artsakh [Karabakh], similar resolution is inevitable, although I cannot say that Azerbaijan softened its position in the settlement process,” said Sargsyan.
Elgar Mamedov, the co-chair of the Azerbaijani movement Republican Alternative said in an interview with 1in.am that the current members of the OSCE Minsk Group reflect the realities of the 90s, and that there it the Minsk Group format has no future, it is inefficient and is leading the parties to a fresh war. He also said that there is no sense of organizing a meeting between Armenia’s and Azerbaijan’s presidents, even for the sake of making an imitation. According to him, it is not serious to expect that Russia will play a positive role in the settlement of the Karabakh conflict.
This article says that Russian-language online newspaper Argumenti Nedeli (Arguments of the Week) published an article in which it said that the existing arms race between Armenia and Azerbaijan is suggestive of their preparation for long a confrontation in Karabakh. It also says that unlike the previous years now both Yerevan and Baku attach much importance to the establishment of military industry. According to the paper, if Azerbaijan is in close cooperation with Turkey in the field of military industry, then Armenia is likewise closely cooperation with Russia.
According to this article, Russian expert Stanislav Ivanov said in an interview that world powers want to keep the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict frozen. “It looks like all foreign participants and players share the view that it is better to keep the conflict frozen, rather than to try to solve it,” said he, adding Karabakh’s view is ignored in the peace talks. He also said that the Karabakh conflict is a ticking bomb and that it gradually becomes more dangerous, posing threat not only to the region, but also to the national security of Russia.
According to this news item, Armenian Professor Alexander Manasyan said at a press conference that the declaration of Nagorno-Karabakh’s independence is of historic importance. “Over the past thousand years it is for the first time that we have got back what we once lost,” he said. In his words, Nagorno-Karabakh gained independence amid complex geo-political developments.
Alexander Manasyan, a professor at Yerevan State University, said that Nagorno-Karabakh could have declared its independence from Armenia in 1991 and that that step would have introduced the conflict differently, having solved many issues, which came forward later. He also said that there is no legal document to prove that Karabakh once belonged to Azerbaijan. “When former Minsk group mediator, U.S. incumbent Ambassador to Azerbaijan Matthew Bryza claimed that Karabakh belongs to Azerbaijan, we told him to present a document and Armenians will grant him $ 5 million. However, no such legal document exists, said he.
According to this article, Alexander Manasyan, a professor at Yerevan State University said at a press conference that Armenia should not make any mistake when it comes to the propaganda over the Karabakh conflict. “Our task now is the propaganda. We should use this fact that Artsakh [Karabakh] is a de facto out of the Soviet Azerbaijan before it declared independence,” said he. According to Manasyan, this fact, as well as others, should be used in the peace talks over Karabakh.
According to this article, Elman Abdullayev, the spokesperson of Azerbaijan’s Foreign Ministry, responded to an earlier statement by Armenia’s President Serzh Sargsyan over the Karabakh conflict, saying that Sargsyan with “his baseless” statements is trying to thrust his “destructive approach upon the Azerbaijani side”. He also said that such statements by Armenia’s president are meant for domestic audience, while everything is otherwise at the international level. He also said that Azerbaijan’s position is the same, which means that if Armenia wants to resolve the Karabakh issue, “it should withdraw it troops from Azerbaijan’s occupied territories”.
According to this article, a leaked US diplomatic cable revealed that US Ambassador to Armenia Marie Yovanovitch wrote to the Department of State saying she held a meeting with Deputy
Foreign Minister Arman Kirakosyan who told her that Armenia does not include the recognition of Kosovo sometime in the future, adding that at this point, however, there are no such plans on the agenda. Yovanovitch also wrote in the cable that Armenia’s position over Kosovo is conditioned by the fact that the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is still unresolved, which means that Armenians realize that the recognition of Kosovo, therefore the recognition of Karabakh, will put an end to hopes of resolving the conflict through negotiations.
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